The Flag Foundation of Nigeria
The Flag Foundation of Nigeria
The Flag Foundation of Nigeria

About The Flag...


The history of flags dates back more than 4,000 years. Ancient flags, known as “vexilloids,” meaning “guide,” were metal or wooden poles that featured a unique carving at the top of the pole.

The first known metal flag came from Iran and dates back to 3,000 BC. Evidence of flags has also been found on ancient Greek coins and Egyptian tomb carvings. About 2,000 years ago, people began decorating these ancient vexilloids with fabric and other materials making them more similar to the modern flags we use today.

Flags are generally used to give people information. Knights, for example, carried flags in battle so they could distinguish friend from enemy. This was a good way to identify people covered in heavy armor. Flags are also greatly used as symbols and signals. A red flag represents a warning or danger. A white flag carries the universal meaning of surrender. Pirate flags usually feature some combination of a skull and cross-bones.What flags are you familiar with?

Today, every country in the world has it’s own unique flag. In the United States, every state also has its own flag. Do you know what your states flag looks like? Clubs and organizations also have flags to represent them. The Olympic flag, for example, features the five Olympic rings representing the coming together of people from five continents for competition. Each flag has a unique purpose and meaning behind it.

The Continental Congress adopted the United States flag on June 14, 1777. The original flag featured 13 red and white stripes and thirteen stars, one for each of the colonies. Today, our flag has 50 stars, one for each state. What does the American flag mean to you?

If you are interested in learning more about flags you should check out our new World Flag Game. Play the game, win prizes, and learn about the flags of the world, as well as interesting facts from hundreds of places around the globe.

A Brief History of World Flags
People have used flags for over 4,000 years.  Authentic flag design of ancient peoples includes a metal flag from Iran, ca. 3000 BC, and reconstructions of vexilloids shown on ancient Greek coins, Egyptian tomb carvings, etc.

The first type of flag was called a vexilloid. Vexillology is the scientific study of flags. This word comes from a Latin word which means "guide". First flags or vexilloids were metal or wooden poles with carvings on top. About 2,000 years ago, pieces of fabric or material were added to some vexilloids for decoration. These looked more like the flags we know today.

A flag is a piece of colored fabric or material that is used as a symbol, or for sending a signal. Some flags are used only for decoration. Usually, flags are messages from a person or a group of people.

People use flags to give others information, such as, who they are. Long ago, knights carried flags into battle because it was hard to know who the knights were when they were dressed up and covered in armor ready for battle! Flags were important because they helped soldiers tell their friends from their enemies in battle.

Today, every country in the world has a flag. As governments change, so do their flags. Every state in the United States has a flag, too. Flags are used to give information, signals or stand for special symbols or things. Many organizations or groups like the Girl Scouts or the United Nations have flags. Clubs and organizations have their own flags too. The five circles of the Olympic flag represent the coming together of people from five continents in friendly competition. Peace is the message of the olive branches cradling the world in the flag of the United Nations. Some people, like a king or queen, have their very own personal flag. Sometimes it flies over any building or place where they are staying.

Flags include symbols that are used to show ideas which would otherwise take many words. Flags are used for wars, as well as for the celebration of special events. On sad occasions, flags are flown at half-mast to honor the dead, and draped over the coffins of national heroes.
The colors found in flags have special meanings:
Red - danger, revolution, bloodshed of war, courage, power
White - peace, surrender, truce
Orange- courage, sacrifice
Green - safety, land, youth, hope
Yellow - caution, gold
Black - mourning, death

Flags come in many different sizes, shapes and colors. They can be used for important events, or to represent something special or give a special message. Sometimes an interesting decoration at the tip of the flag pole is added. This is called a finial.

One flag that almost everyone knows is the "White Flag of Surrender". Waiving a white flag is the international sign for surrender. Soldiers carrying or waving the "White Flag" are not fired upon. These "White Flags" are not made up in advance and are usually made out of any materials available at the time it is to be used.

Another well known flag is the "Jolly Roger", used by pirates to frighten people. These flags usually had a black background which stood for "no quarter" or "no mercy will be shown to those who resist."

Another well known flag is the "Red Flag" which means danger.

People who design flags have an important job. They must get their message and information on the flag without using many words or pictures. The pictures and colors on a flag symbolize something important. Flag designers used to make sketches with pencils and paints, now they use computers to help them design flags.

Many flags have the same basic patterns such as stripes, both horizontal and vertical, and stars. Many flags are divided into quarters and some are given a border. Colors on a flag are important.

Years ago, flags were made by hand by sewing pieces of fabric together or embroidered with yarn or painted. Today, flags are usually printed in long rolls of fabric which are run through a machine which prints a pattern over and over again on the fabric. Then the fabric is washed, dried and then cut into separate flags.

Flags and Nations of the World: Facts, Information and Pictures
We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Nations and Flags of the World will prove to be a useful educational resource. You can go "Around the World in 80 minutes!" To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags of all the Nations and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flags Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun! If you answer all questions correctly you will earn the right to enter the Vexillologist Hall of Fame!

Youth is that period when man is full of energy, ambitions and zest for life. The power possessed by youth us a recognised force today. The power or the energy can be used for both constructive and destructive purposes. Whenever there is unrest in a country, political forces use youth to further their selfish interests. During anti-Mandal Commission riots in India, there were widespread agitations in which thousands of students participated. Many of them committed suicide to protest against the policies of the government.

India is a big country with a huge population. Those between the ages of 15 to 35 form more than 50 percent of the total population. Thus India has a vast potential of youth power. The students, employees, farmers, workers and persons from various professions, including the educated unemployed are the elements which really matter in all fields of our national life. Unfortunately, a large portion of youth is without any proper direction. That is why often our young people are full of frustration. It is dangerous to let our young men and women remain idle an as it would enhance their frustration. This may lead to chaos and disturbance.

Moreover, if our youth is idle, it will be a sheer wastage of a great energy. No country can afford such wastage. What is needed is that the young men and women should be directed properly to engage in some constructive work. If this potential is tapped adequately, our massive youth power can work wonders for the national reconstruction. The Indian youth have never lagged behind when called upon to meet a challenge. But for this, our national leaders will have to behave in a responsible way. They should' not exploit the youth for their own selfish motives. They should mobilise their abilities by providing them with suitable avenues.

The task of nation building is very challenging and can be divided into phases. Everyone can contribute towards it according to his or her capabilities. First of all, the young people should be made to understand a specific project and its importance to the society. They should be given a suitable direction so that they ca work hard for its fulfilment. This will make them satisfied by the realisation that they have been assigned & role in the nation building. Therefore, it would be wise for the government to associate the young people WID all such programmes which concern them. It is not difficult to mobilise the youth for national building provided someone offers them the right and honest leadership. Once they are genuinely involved, their interest in constructive work will be aroused. They would be prepared to work sincerely for the welfare of the society and the country.

The involvement of youth in the task of nation building will have a double advantage. On the one hand, the vast idle man-power will be successfully mobilised, and on the other, the young people will be saved from falling a prey to the antisocial elements. By giving a right direction to the young, the possibilities of violence unrest and disturbance will also be greatly reduced.. It is, therefore, in the national interest that the youth should be engaged in the task of national building. Their involvement would generate a sense of pride and self confidence in them. It will also raise their morale. As they would remain busy in constructive work, their minds would not go astray towards destructive ideas.

Thus, the youth are full of vast and untapped energy. Each country must see that its youth power is properly utilised. It is the duty of the society to see that the youth is not corrupted by the corrupt leaders. In the pre time, most of our universities have become hot beds of politics. Elections to the student unions are aided helped by political parties and corrupt leaders. Student leaders hold a lot of power. They may be used by rival groups of teachers to disturb the academic environment. Our government should make efforts to free our colleges and universities from the bane of politics. When in colleges and universities, the youth should be kept buys with academic courses and sports. When they are free, they should be engaged hi fruitful activities. Only then can we use the youth power for the task of nation building.